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Hortyjardín

Catarina Chile Seeds

Catarina Chile Seeds

Regular price $ 68.00
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Very spicy dried chili, oval in shape with a pointed end. Immature is green; It turns bright red when ripe and sepia red when dry. It can measure between 3 and 6 cm long and 3 cm in diameter; Its skin is thin and provides red color to sauces. It sounds like cascabel chili when shaken. It is produced in Aguascalientes and some parts of central and northern Mexico, as well as in southern Texas, where it is mainly used dried in stews, marinades, soups, and seasoned sauces.

Ever since Christopher Columbus, in search of spices, confused chili with black pepper and brought to Spain a shipment of what he called “pepper,” the American product whose real name was the Nahuatl chilly, captivated European and Asian palates. and Africans. In a short time it established itself in the gastronomy of countless cultures around the world. And in the eyes of the world, ours is exotic and stimulating.

 

How to plant chili, the easiest guide

Climate

The climate for growing chili must be warm because its development is not adequate if it occurs at temperatures below 10°C and above 35°C. It is moderately resistant to soil acidity and salinity.

- Sowing:


Place 1 to 3 seeds in a small pot 5 to 20 cm wide with plant soil free of clods (we recommend the previously moistened Hortyjardín ® GERMINATION LAND. Insert the seed to a depth of 5 mm and cover it with a little bit of land.

Then it is left somewhere that is protected from the cold and wind, this may be a greenhouse or in a temperate area of ​​the house.

 

Crop

To plant chili, you need warm climates to develop well. It is sensitive to low temperatures. To germinate in nine or 12 days, it needs a temperature between 20 and 30ºC; to grow and bear fruit, the range can be from 16 to 32ºC. The important thing is that the temperature does not drop below 18ºC, because in this case the growth of the plant stops. The most suitable soils are those with a light texture that retain moisture. It thrives well from sea level to an altitude of eight thousand feet. Chili is grown both by direct sowing and transplanting.

-Germination:


This will be between 10 to 30 days. Depending on the temperature and humidity conditions and that these remain constant.

Once they germinate, place the pot indoors, but in a window where it receives indirect light (here the plant is still a baby and requires a lot of care) check the humidity of the soil every day to keep it always moist, if it requires water Preferably use a spray bottle, avoiding bouncing the soil and therefore the seed.

When the true leaves appear (5 leaves or more) you should put the plant through a window so that it receives direct light rays. (but through the window glass).

 

Transplant:


When the plant has reached 12 cm in height, it is time to transplant it into a pot that is at least 30 cm deep. It is important to note that the soil contained in this pot must be a pot rich in natural organic plant nutrients (not fertilizers), it can be compost or worm castings. Make a mixture with 30% Humus or Compost, 30% Coconut Fiber or Perlite or Agrolite and 40% Plant Soil. (chili peppers are very demanding of nutrients in the soil)

- Water:
The soil should always be slightly moist, never wet. The plant will die if the roots are permanently wet and not aerated. Always water plants in the morning and shortly after sunset. Try not to wet the leaves to avoid fungal diseases.



- Land
The soil must be able to absorb a large amount of water without creating stagnant moisture. You can achieve this with a mixture of coconut fiber, perlite, and sand. A pH of approx. 6.5 is in the correct green range.-

Ideal room temperature: 25 28 C°

 Harvest your chilies. Harvest time varies depending on the species of chiles, but you can generally do it when their size is correct. They will change color, so unless you know what color they should be when you harvest them, don't rely on this as an indicator of ripeness. If you doubt whether a chili is ripe to harvest, try it! This way you will know if it needs to continue growing or if it is ready to use in the kitchen.

 

Warnings

Give your plants plenty of room to grow, as chilli plants can grow up to 90cm tall.

Wear gloves when harvesting chiles, as you may injure your hands.

Don't touch your eyes when handling chiles.



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