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Diferentes tipos de Albahaca - Hortyjardín

Different types of Basil

Different types of Basil

Basil (Ocimum basilicum) It is a very popular aromatic plant used in the cuisine of many cultures around the world. There are several types of basil, each with specific characteristics in terms of flavor, aroma and appearance. Next, I will mention some of the most common types of basil and their culinary differences:

common basil

Sweet Basil: It is the most common variety of basil and is widely used in Italian cuisine. It has large, shiny leaves, with a sweet and slightly spicy flavor. It is ideal for sauces, salads, pesto and pasta dishes. It is native to South Asia and has been widely used since ancient times in food, rituals and as a medicinal herb.

purple basil

It has dark purple leaves. It has a similar flavor to sweet basil, but with more intense and earthy notes. It is often used to decorate dishes and salads, although it can also be used in sauces and vinaigrette.

purple basil

It can reach up to 1 meter in height and its leaves are purple whenever it grows in full sun, otherwise they will tend to be green. Leaves of both colors can be found on the same plant. It has a spicy flavor and is widely used in Thai cuisine.

Persian Basil

It is popular in the cuisine of Iran and some parts of Central Asia. Although it shares some characteristics with common basil, it has distinctive differences. It has large, soft dark green leaves, which can measure between 5 and 10 centimeters in length . Persian basil does not have as strong a scent, but it still retains a soft herbal aroma.

fine basil

This type of basil is very appropriate for grow in a pot, since it is small in size and forms a very decorative rounded and compact cup.

Genovese Basil

It has large curved leaves, very popular in Italian cuisine, being very common in pasta and pizza dishes.

It is also known as broadleaf basil and is almost certainly the one most easily found in supermarkets.

cinnamon basil

Cinnamon Basil (Cinnamon Basil): This basil has a distinctive cinnamon flavor and aroma. Its leaves are green and shiny, but they can also have purple or reddish tones.
They are mainly used in desserts, infusions and cocktails.

lemon basil

It has a strong citrus lemon aroma. Its leaves are green and pointed, and can be used to add a refreshing touch to salads, fish dishes, soups and desserts.

It usually does not exceed 40 cm in height and its flowers are white.

This plant is widely used in Arabic, Persian and Thai cuisine, among others.

Thai basil

It has a distinctive aroma and a slightly spicy and aniseed flavor. It is used in Thai dishes such as curries, noodles and stir-fries.

It usually does not exceed 45 cm in height.

Its flavor is reminiscent of anise, with a touch of licorice, its leaves are green and thin, and its stem is purple.

These are just a few examples of types of basil, but there are many other varieties with unique flavors and aromas. Remember that culinary preferences can vary by region and individual, so it is important to know your clients' tastes and recipes so you can recommend the most suitable variety of basil for their specific use.

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